Just as the communities and neighborhoods in which supportive housing exist are diverse, so too are individual supportive housing projects. Supportive housing projects can have units that are all located in the same building or scattered throughout the community. A given project or property may include units of general affordable or market-rate housing mixed with supportive housing. Supportive services may be delivered on-site, in the community or by mobile teams. Supportive housing projects can create units using a variety of methods, ranging from constructing a new building on vacant land, to leasing existing units in the private rental market, to securing units set aside in an affordable housing development. The most appropriate model and unit creation method will change based on tenants’ preferences and needs, the type of housing stock and financing sources available, the norms and history of a community’s real estate market, and the capacity and interest of the involved organizations.
In general, supportive housing models are described by the answers to the following four questions:
- Will the units be located in one building or scattered throughout multiple properties or buildings?
- What portion of the total units in a given property will be supportive housing?
- How will the units included in the supportive housing project be created?
- What is the overall strategy for the delivery of supportive services?
To learn more about supportive housing models, including the possible responses to the four questions, click on Understanding Supportive Housing: Supportive Housing Models.